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Wildlife In Sri Lanka

Kumana National Park

Situated on the border of the Yala National Park, Kumana renowned for its avifauna, especially its large flocks of migratory water fowl and wading birds. 255 species of birds have been recorded at the Kumana Bird Sanctuary, with rare species such as the black-necked stork, the lesser adjuant, Eurasian spoonbill and the great thick-knee being breeding inhabitants.

Uda Walawe National Park

The third most visited National Park in the island, Udawalawe is a myriad of interesting flora and fauna due to the presence of the Udawalawe reservoir on the Walawe river, the surrounding marshes, forests and grasslands. Another important habitat for the elephant (a herd of about 250 is believed to be permanently resident) and a recorded number of 12 amphibian species, 21 species of fish, 33 reptiles, 184 species of birds and 43 mammals.

Wilpattu National Park

Aptly named due to the existence of numerous ‘ willus’ or natural basins that fill with rainwater, Wilpattu is situated in the Northwest coast, lowland, dry zone. One of the largest and oldest National Parks, Wilpattu is renowned for its leopard population along with 31 species of mammals and an abundance of wetland bird speciaes.

Horton Plains National Park

Home to more than half of Sri Lanka’s vertebrates, half of the island’s endemic flowering plants and more than 34% of its endemic trees and shrubs, the Horton Plains is a mist shrouded and breathtaking wonder and ideal for trekking, hiking and camping. Added to the mystery and romance, one could enjoy the splendor of the leopard, the sambhur, the endemic purple-faced langur, the Sri Lanka bush warbler and the yellow-eared bulbul.

Minneriya National Park

Located between Habarana and Pollonnaruwa, Minneriya is yet another haven for the elephants who migrate from surrounding jungles to enjoy the lush grass fields on the banks of the Minneriya reservoir, during the dry season. Reports of elephant sightings range from a mere 100 to an astounding 700. Endemic monkeys as well as many resident and migratory bird species also can be spotted along with endemic reptiles such as the painted-lip lizard. Among the reptiles that dwell here, are the saltwater crocodile, the Indian python and the water monitor. 

Although the park itself doesn’t offer accommodation, excellent lodging can be secured in the adjacent areas of Sigiriya and Habarana.

Wasgamuwa National Park

Originally designated as a nature reserve in 1938, Wasgamuwa is one of the island’s protected areas abundant with large herds of elephant .Located in the north of the hill country, Wasgamuwa provides ample opportunities to view elephants, leopards, the sloth bear, sambhur, deer, wild buffalo, the purple faced leaf monkey and the nocturnal slender Loris among other exotic species.

Companies that handle eco-tourism provide camp sites for nature lovers whist within the park and in the vicinity, are many bunglows that offer comfortable accommodation.

Yala National Park

The second largest national park in Sri Lanka, Yala is situated in the Southeast part of the island in the dry, semi-arid climate region, bordering the Indian Ocean. The number of mammals recorded at Yala is as high as 44 while it also boasts of one of the highest leopard densities in the world. None other than the majestic Sri Lankan elephant and the leopard, take pride of place at this amazing national park.

Accommodation- in terms of hotels, the spacious and modern Yala Village takes precedence while the “Tree tops jungle lodge”, “Galapita” and the “Thippola bunglow” offer interesting and eco-friendly accommodation.

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